The Philosophy Of Hajj And Sacrifice In Islam


An event which demonstrates an compulsory worship in the faith of Islam is the organization of Hajj, the adventure to the House of Allah, the Ka‘bah.

The concept of pilgrimage, in one shape or some other, can be located in almost each religion across the globe. However, the pilgrimage in Islam is a completely unique and regularly occurring illustration of Muslim solidarity and the believers’ love for Allah the Almighty.
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The history of the blessed Baitullah – the House of Allah, also referred to as the Ka‘bah – dates back to the era of Prophet Abrahamas, whilst he searched for the traces of Lord’s first residence, which have been now not regarded on the time. Through divine steerage, he built it from the ruins with the assist of his son Prophet Ishmaelas in Mecca which turned into then referred to as Bakkah.

Regarding the greatness and ancient importance of the Holy Ka‘bah, it’s miles stated in the Holy Quran:

اِنَّ اَوَّلَ بَیۡتٍ وُّضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِیۡ بِبَکَّۃَ مُبٰرَکًا وَّ ہُدًی لِّلۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ۔فِیۡہِ اٰیٰتٌۢ بَیِّنٰتٌ مَّقَامُ اِبۡرٰہِیۡمَ ۬ۚ وَ مَنۡ دَخَلَہٗ کَانَ اٰمِنًا

“Surely, the primary House based for mankind is that at Bakkah, abounding in blessings and a steering for all peoples. In it are happen Signs; it is the region of Abraham; and whoso enters it, enters peace.” (Surah Al-e-Imran, Ch.3: V.ninety seven-ninety eight)

Following the command of Allah the Almighty, Prophet Abrahamas placed the foundations of civilisation in a abandoned region and left his spouse, Hazrat Hajiraas (Hagar) and his son, Ishmaelas to stay there. The reason of this exemplary sacrifice became for the vicinity to function the centre of steerage for the arena in the destiny. Hence, from the progeny of Prophet Ishmaelas, a exceptional prophet rose who changed into the reason at the back of the advent of the universe and mercy for all mankind. He became none aside from the Holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and advantages of Allah be upon him, whose teachings are for the whole world and for every period of time.

The House of Allah was built around 2,000 years earlier than the appearance of Prophet Jesusas and persisted to function the worship location of 1 God. However, with the passage of time, it got here below have an effect on of the idol-worshippers. Allah the Almighty later restored its glory and grandeur through the fingers of the Holy Prophetsa and every single idol became removed from this blessed Baitullah after the victory of Mecca. Soon after, Hajj was made compulsory for every Muslim to carry out at least once of their life.

Highlighting the significance of Hajj, the Holy Prophetsa stated:

“Whoever plays Hajj for the sake of Allah’s satisfaction and does not carry out foul communicate, nor commits any evil or sin, they will go back [after Hajj unfastened from sins] as the day wherein his mother gave start to him.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Hajj)

Explaining the philosophy and reason in the back of the institution of Hajj, the Promised Messiahas states:

“In the sector of love, the human spirit constantly circles around its lover and offers a kiss closer to its threshold. Likewise, the Holy Ka‘bah is a physical manifestation for all the fervent fanatics [of God]. Allah states that this is His house and the Black Stone [Hajr-e-Aswad] is the stone of His threshold. He gave this order in order that a person could practically express their ardent love. Hence, pilgrims bodily walk round it [the Ka‘bah] at the occasion of Hajj, in a manner that they may be intensely in love with Allah. They positioned apart their beauty, shave their head, and stroll around the Ka‘bah. They kiss the Black Stone with the notion that it is the stone of the edge of Allah.

“This physical passion creates non secular warm temperature and love, and the frame circles His residence and kisses the edge’s stone, and with this, the spirit circles its authentic lover and kisses its religious threshold. Similarly, the soul circulates the actual Beloved and kisses His non secular threshold.

“There isn’t any Shirk [associating partners with Allah] concerned in this exercise. When a friend gets a letter from a beloved buddy, they kiss it as well. No Muslim worships the Holy Ka‘bah, nor do they ask some thing from the Black Stone, but only considers it a model of God’s manifestation which has been hooked up by means of Allah. Just as we lay prostrate at the ground and this prostration is not for the cloth earth, in exactly the identical manner do we kiss the Black Stone, however that kiss isn’t always for the Black Stone. A stone is merely a stone and may neither benefit everybody, nor reason any harm, however it has been bestowed from the arms of the Beloved, Who has declared it to be a manifestation of His threshold.” (Chashma-e-Ma’rifat, Ruhani Khazain, Vol. 23, pp. one zero one-102)

Regarding the time of appearing Hajj, Allah the Almighty states within the Holy Quran:

اَلۡحَجُّ اَشۡہُرٌ مَّعۡلُوۡمٰتٌ ۚ فَمَنۡ فَرَضَ فِیۡہِنَّ الۡحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَ لَا فُسُوۡقَ ۙ وَ لَا جِدَالَ فِی الۡحَجِّ

“The months of the Hajj are well known; so whoever determines to perform the Pilgrimage in those months should do not forget that there’s to be no foul talk, nor any transgression, nor any quarrelling at some stage in the Pilgrimage.” (Surah al-Baqarah, Ch.2: V.198)

The above verse of the Holy Quran refers to the acknowledged Islamic months of Shawal, Dhul Qa‘dah and Dhul Hijjah, for the duration of which a person starts the preparation of Hajj and finally performs it between the days of eight to 13 Dhul Hijjah, in step with the Sunnah of the Holy Prophetsa.

It is well worth bringing up here that the Tawaf-e-Ziarah can be completed from 10 Dhul Hijjah till the quit of the month. On the alternative hand, if a pilgrim has accomplished Tawaf-e-Ziarah and wants to go away Mina two days in advance than thirteen Dhul Hijjah, there might be no sin in it in line with the Holy Quran, provided the whole thing they do is carried out with top intentions, appearing righteously and fearing God.

“There areparts of worship: first of all, that someone fears God as one ought to. The worry of God takes a man to the fountain of purity and his soul starts to soften and flow to the Unity of God, making man a true worshipper; secondly, that someone loves God as He is worthy to be cherished. God says:

وَالَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡۤا اَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلّٰہِ

[‘And believers are more potent in their love for Allah’ (Surah al-Baqarah, Ch.2: V.166)], we have to take all of the affections, transitory and mortal, and the love of God as actual and genuine …

“In order to fulfil both this stuff, Islam has enjoined its followers to provide [five every day] prayers and to perform Hajj. The prayer manifests the element of worry, while the Hajj depicts the affection of God. Whatever the worry demands, we’ve it in numerous postures of the prayer; a man humbles himself and admits his being the servant of God. Whatever is accomplished all through the Hajj indicates extraordinary methods of affection.

“In the extreme condition of love, at instances, one does no longer experience the need for clothes; love is also a type of insanity and a lover can not be looking after his clothes to keep their fineness.

“There turned into once a female in Sialkot, and she or he became in love with a tailor-master. The people attempted all they may to restrain her but she might tear off her garments and run to him. This condition of dressing is to be met with within the ceremonies of Hajj; guy has to shave off the hair on his head; one has to run; one has to kiss – that is the kiss of love [all the religions have taken kissing to be a sign of affection]. Slaughtering of the ram [sacrifice] is also a sign of excellence of love.” (Malfuzat, Vol. three, pp. 298-three hundred)

The Holy Prophetsa achieved his only Hajj within the year 10 AH however he used to rejoice Eid-ul-Adha on its prescribed date of the Islamic calendar, commemorating the first-rate sacrifice supplied via Hazrat Abrahamas.

Prophet Abrahamas stood with the aid of the command of Allah on two occasions and set an superb example of sacrifice for the approaching generations: first of all, when he noticed in a divine vision that he changed into sacrificing his son, Ishmaelas and became prepared to do it for achieving God’s pride; secondly, when he left his son and wife at a place in which there has been no water, nor the passing of any man.

The objective and actual spirit in the back of the authentic sacrifice may be understood from the verse of the Holy Quran, Allah the Almighty states:

لَنۡ یَّنَالَ اللّٰہَ لُحُوۡمُھَا وَ لَا دِمَآؤُھَا وَلٰکِنۡ یَّنَالُہُ التَّقۡوٰی مِنۡکُمۡ ؕ کَذٰلِکَ سَخَّرَھَا لَکُمۡ لِتُکَبِّرُوا اللّٰہَ عَلٰی مَا ھَدٰٮکُمۡ ؕ وَ بَشِّرِالۡمُحۡسِنِیۡنَ

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